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An Explanation of the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah part 10: Names 60 – 66

Amat Al-Kareem April 7, 2016 0

An Explanation of the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah front pageAn Explanation of the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah pt.10 Names 60-66

Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem

 

Contents

60. As Samad……………………………..3

61. Ar Raaziq………………………………8

62. Ar Razaaq……………………………..9

63. Al Mubeen……………………………13

64. Al Haadiy……………………………..18

65. Al Hakam …………………………….24

66. Al Haakim…………………………….24

 

 

60) As Samad

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This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:


Allah; the eternal refuge [al Ikhlaas 112:2]

 

It also appears in a hadith in Tirmidhi.

 

Abu Hurairah narrates that “I entered the mosque in the company of the blessed Prophet peace be upon him and saw a man who had finished performing prayer and was making the following dua:

????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ??? ? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??

The blessed Prophet peace be upon him claimed “by his honour in whose hands my life is that person has beseeched his lord through His great name. Whenever a person asks him through His great name he always grants him and whenever he offers a prayer through His great name he accepts it.” [At Tirmidhi]

 

Du’a using Names of Allah are more likely to be accepted, as seen in this hadith.

 

Linguistic meaning: comes from verb samada. To withstand, remain firm/steadfast, to resist.

 

Shar’ee meaning: Ibn Jarir at Tabari says: As Samad means, the Master who doesn’t need anything, the One to whom there is no one above, whom there is no one greater and who everyone is in dire need of. 

 

Az Zujaji says: He is the master that withstands, and doesn’t need anything. He is Self sufficient and everything is in dire need of Allah.

 

Ibn Qayyim says: He is the illaah, He is the Lord, As-Sayyid – the Master, the Creator, the One above all, As Samad – the One to whom the entire creation are in need of. He is perfect in His description from every angle, and perfect without their being any single deficiency.

 

Ibn Abbas says: this means the One to whom all creation depends upon for their needs and requests. He is the Master who is perfect in His Sovereignty, the most noble who is perfect in His nobility, the most magnificent, who is perfect in His magnificence, the most forbearing, who is perfect in His forbearance the all knowing, who is perfect in His knowledge, the most wise, who is perfect in His wisdom, He is the One who is perfect in all aspects of nobility and authority. He is Allah, glory be onto Him. These Attributes are not befitting to anyone other than Him. He has no co-equal and nothing is like Him. As Samad is the Master whose control is complete.

 

As Samad doesn’t just mean One who is self sufficient but He is perfect in all the characteristics that He has, Master of every characteristic. So He is the master of rahma, the master of ‘izzah, the master of rizq, the master of hearing, seeing, knowledge etc. He is self sufficient and free of the need of anything. He doesn’t need our ibadah. If the whole world was to disobey Him, it wouldn’t increase or decrease His power or kingdom at all. And if the whole world was to worship Him, how He is meant to be worshipped, again, it would not increase or decrease the glory and power of Allah. He is perfect in everything.

 

On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from his Lord, that He said:

O My servants! I have forbidden dhulm (oppression) for Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except those whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of you are hungry except those whom I have fed, so seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except those whom I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you commit sins by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will not attain benefiting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as pious as the most pious heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not increase My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as wicked as the most wicked heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not decrease My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one place and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, then that would not decrease what I Possess, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, and he who finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself. [Musim – Hadith Qudsi]

 

This hadith shows the dire need of the creation on As Samad for everything from guidance to food and clothes and forgiveness for our numerous sins. It also displays the self sufficiency and richness of Allah, whose kingdom does not decrease in the slightest from any act of obedience or disobedience from any of His slaves and from His granting all His slaves their requests. Allahu Akbar.

 

From the other shar’ee meaning of As Samad is the One in which the creation is in dire need of then without Allah, we are nothing. All of these meanings come from the Name As Samad.



It was written in the Tafsir of Ibn Kathir: In his Book of Salah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas said, “A man from the Ansar used to lead the people in prayer in the Masjid of Quba’. Whenever he began a Surah in the recitation of the prayer that he was leading them, he would start by reciting `Say: He is Allah, One’ until he completed the entire Surah. Then he would recite another Surah along with it (after it). And used to do this in every Rak`ah. So his companions spoke to him about this saying; `Verily, you begin the prayer with this Surah. Then you think that it is not sufficient for you unless you recite another Surah as well. So you should either recite it or leave it and recite another Surah instead.’ The man replied, `I will not leave it off. If you want me to continue leading you (in prayer), I will do this; and if you all do not like it, I will leave you (i.e., I will stop leading you).’ They used to consider him to be of the best of them to lead them in prayer and they did not want anyone else to lead them other than him. So, when the Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, came they informed him of this information and he said, ‘O so-and-so! What prevents you from doing what your companions are commanding you to do, and what makes you adhere to the recitation of this Surah in every Rak`ah?’ The man said, `Verily, I love it.’ The Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, replied, ‘your love of it will cause you to enter Paradise.’

 

 

This short, but amazingly beautiful and profound surah is a description of Allah Himself,His Oneness, His samad’yyah and His incomparability. Allah revealed this surah as a powerful answer to the people of Makkah who asked the Prophet salallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to describe His Lord and His ‘lineage.’

What is ikhlaas (sincerity)? It is doing deeds purely for Him and to seek His pleasure, because He is Al-Ahad, the One and Unique. It is turning to Him for our needs and desires and desire Him only, because He is As-Samad, The Eternal and the Satisfier of Needs, and it is to live by the fact that there is no one equal to Him in any of His Attributes.


 

Benefits we can learn from this Name

  1. 1.   

 

Once a person knows that he is need of Allah, the One who is perfect and has no deficiencies, and he affirms this, then he understands that it is to Him that true muhabba should be shown to. It is Allah that is needed for our life in dunya and our life in aakirah. And once this tarbiyyah is built, then the slave will turn to Allah in everything that he needs and thus a person will build his muhabba. Allah says:

Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds – none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

[al Faatir 35:2]

When Allah grants us a blessing, He grants us something we need from Him being As Samad. And as stated in the ayah, no one from the creation can hold back something that Allah is going to give you.

  1. 2.    Ta’dheem of Allah – to glorify Allah and to praise Him and to thank Him and to understand who Allah is, for He – As Samad, He has no deficiencies, He is perfect in all His Attributes and characteristics and everything that He does. We glorify Him and He deserves this glory due to His perfection in every single characteristic He has, He deserves true glory and true praise.
  2. 3.    We attain tawwakul in Allah, who is As Samad. When we are in need of Him for anything we need of the blessings from Him, then let us trust the One who holds the blessings of the dunya in His hands, the One who grants everything.
  1. Realise your dependence on Him. One of the meanings of As-Samad is the One who is independent and self-sufficient. A person is not samad. Why do we often act like as if we are independent? Especially during good times when we are healthy and wealthy we tend to forget we are even dependant on As-Samad for the strap of our shoe. So remind yourself daily that you are dependent on Him.
  2. Turn to As-Samad in good and bad times and rely on Him, resting assured He is the Eternal Refuge and the One who will satisfy your needs in the way He knows is best for you. If you truly believe in As-Samad, your strongest desire will be to meet Him and your only fear will be that of His displeasure. So strive to be a real servant of Allah. The disbeliever is a slave of his desires, or of fashion, his belly, and his money. So beg Him to decrease the love for this world in your heart, including love of being praised by people, and replace it with a firm desire for His pleasure alone.

 

As Samad and other Names

As Samad appears in the Qu’ran and in the du’a of the sahabi mentioned in the hadith, directly after the Name Al Ahad because there is only One Samad – only One being that is perfect, only One being that everyone else needs, there is only One being that is truly self sufficient and free from any need. Every part of creation needs something else for them to be able to live, regardless how rich that person or thing may seem. The truth is, none from the creation is self sufficient. No creation is perfect in their characteristics. Regardless how wise a person may be, he is not perfect in his wisdom. Regardless how knowledgable a person may be, he is not perfect in his knowledge. Regardless how powerful a person is, there will come a day where he would cease to exist. But Allah is Al Ahad, As Samad. He will always be self sufficient and never in need of or dependent on anything.

 

Please download the pdf doc to read about the rest of the Names of Allah in this part. Do share with others!

 

 

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