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An explanation of the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah Part 2: Names 1-7

Amat Al-Kareem February 12, 2016 0

An Explanation of the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah front page

An Explanation of the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah pt.2 Names 1-7

Contents:

  1. Allah……………………………………………………………. 3
  2. Ar Rahman……………………………………………………6
  3. Ar Raheem……………………………………………………6
  4. Ar Rabb……………………………………………………….15
  5. Al Malik………………………………………………………18
  6. Al Maleek…………………………………………………….18
  7. Al Maalik……………………………………………………..18

 

1) Allah

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  • ‘Allah’ is the asl (original) Name, the default Name. We use the Name Allah first.
  • Origin of all the other Names and Attributes. “hu wallahu lathee” It is the main name.
  • ‘Allah’ means all the Names and Attributes, the name Allah consists of all the other names. Allah means Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem etc.
  • All the Names and Attributes stem from Allah. It has a profound meaning. This is the name that Allah has taken for Himself that no one can name themselves as.
  • Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam heard a man making a du’a, He said, you have called upon Allah, by a Name that if you ask Him by He will grant you His request, by His Mightiest Name – Allah.
  • The Name Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran the most number of times; 2224 times.
  • Allah chose to instil it in the kalimah of tawheed.
  • Allah chose to describe His Messengers and prophets with the name Rasool Allah or Nabi Allah. He takes honour and pride when speaking about His Prophets and Messengers and this is shown in Him using the name Allah when describing them.

 

Linguistic meaning:

  • Ilah, a deity or something that is worshipped.
  • Added alif laam-“the” to make Al-Ilah -The deity. The hamza is wiped off so the laam is joined, So it becomes ALLAH. To show mightiness, honour of Allah’s Names, we prolong it at the end. The word Allah is unique, the Name which refers to the Being Himself as His personal Name and it encompasses all of the divine Names and Attributes of perfection.

 

Shar’ee meaning:

  • Ibn Qayyim said: Allah is the One who is deserving of complete and pure worship. People worship other deities but the Name Allah shows that He is the only one deserved to be worshipped. No matter how much worship we do, we will never do as much as He subhana wa ta’aala deserves. No one on the earth deserves to be worshipped but Him. He, Allah, is truly deserving.

 

The verb ‘abada– from the root ‘ayn-baa-daal– means to worship. But what is worship? Worship is a combination of love and obedience; love without obedience isn’t worship and neither is obedience without love. Who deserves mankind’s utmost love and obedience? It is Allah, the One who created, in perfection, mankind, the seven heavens and the earth, and all they contain. Therefore no one but Allah has the right to be worshipped.

 

Benefits we can learn from this Name

  1. Turn to Him. Allah describes the beautiful and direct relationship between Himself and the believer in a hadith qudsi:

 

O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me, and hope in Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds in the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I shall forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with an earthful of sins and were you then to face Me, without having associated anything with Me, I shall grant you an earthful of pardon. [At-Tirmidhi]

 

Turn to Him in times of ease and hardship and you will find happiness and tranquillity that cannot be found in anything other than Him.

 

  1. Love Allah. It instils muhabba (love) in our hearts that takes precedence over the love of our self, the dunya and everything else that is instilled in our hearts. By Allah calling himself Allah, it shows that our purpose is to worship Him. All Names and Attributes come from this Name. Through Allah and His Name Allah, we have a Lord that has Rahma for us, that cares, that supports and helps us, that provides for us, etc.
  2. Gives Him the right of worship. When Allah is mentioned amongst us we should feel different. It is the Name of the One who deserves all of our worship, the One who deserves our lives. When Allah is mentioned to the believers, they should feel fear, fear that they are not able to fulfil the ibadah that He deserves. Allah is the Name of worship.
  3. Say Bismillah. The Prophet (?) said: Any significant act that does not begin ‘in the Name of Allah is severed (of blessings). [An-Nasaa’i] When you say the basmalah– the saying of bismillah– in the Name of Allah— or bismillaahir rahmaanir raheem - it makes you conscious of Allah because you are invoking Him. When you say bismillah before beginning something, it means you are seeking Allah’s blessings and help in what you are going to do next. Make it a habit and teach it to your children; if they say the basmalah throughout their lives and teach it to their offspring until the Day of Judgement, it will be an ongoing reward for you. This practice also helps you to refrain from sinful deeds, as how can you start something wrong in the Name of Allah? So say the basmalah when you eat, drink, undress, travel, etc., and make it your most productive habit.

 

By saying Allah, we know that we are talking about a Lord that possesses all His Names and Attributes. The Master of everything, the Creator, the One who will hold us to account, who will speak to us one by one and ask about our sins. When we say Allah, we are talking about the All Just. The Name Allah gives us both hope and fear.

Please download the PDF link for the rest of the Names of part 2.

May we all benefit from these notes, aameen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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