Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem
On Refraining from Disobedience
Know that this religion is made up of two parts: one of them is refraining from disobedience, and the other is the performance of acts of obedience. The first part is more important and more serious.
Everyone has the capacity to carry out acts of obedience, but only the truly sincere can abandon their appetites and desires. Thus did the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam say:
“The [true] emigrant is the one who abandons evil, and the [true] warrior is the one who fights his passions.” 1
The Sins Committed With the Limbs
Know that you disobey Allah Most High with your limbs, while they are a bounty from Allah and a trust to you. So your using the bounties of Allah Most High to disobey Him is the ultimate ingratitude, and your betraying the trust He has placed with you is the ultimate tyranny. Indeed, the parts of your body are your subjects, so pay attention to how you govern them. Each of you is a shepherd, and each of you is answerable for his flock 2.
Know that all your limbs will testify against you in the plains of Judgment with clear, eloquent speech, as Allah will expose your faults in front of an assembly of creation. Allah Most High says,
“On that Day when their tongues, their hands, and their feet will testify against them as to what they used to do.” 3
And Allah Most High says,
“On this Day We will seal their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their tongues will testify as to what they used to what they have earned.” 4
So guard your entire body, especially seven parts of it. For verily Hell has seven gates, through each of which a particular group is destined [to enter]. The only ones designated to enter these gates are those who disobeyed Allah Most High by means of these parts, which are they eye, the ear, the tongue, the stomach, the private part, the hand and the foot.
- Abu Haamid al-Ghazaali; Bidaayatul Hidaayah [The Beginning of Guidance], Part 2: On Refraining from Disobedience; pp 90-92.
InshaAllah this is the first in a series of posts that will extract from the aforementioned text. Wherever possible, and beneficial, we will add to what the author has explained, to the best of our ability, and with help and aid of Allah. And Allah Alone is the One to grant success.