Bismillaahir Rahmanir Raheem
Alhamdulillaahir rabb al ‘Alameen. Was Salaatu was Salaam ‘alaa rasoolillaah wa ‘alaa alihee wa Sahbihee wa manwala, wa ba’d.
Below are some points outlining the definition of Tabarruj (The displaying of Beauty). May this be of benefit, especially to the women of this Ummah, Aameen
1. Tabarruj is disobedience to Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him)
The one who disobeys Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) can only harm himself and can not in any way harm Allaah: The Messenger (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said:
“All of my followers will enter Paradise except those who refuse.” It was asked: “O Messenger of Allaah, who would refuse?” He (speace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said: “He who obeys me enters Paradise and he who disobeys me has refused.” 1
It is reported that Mu’awiyyah (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) gave a sermon in Greater Syria and in it he mentioned that the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) prohibited seven things and he named Tabarruj as one of them.
‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood (R) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) used to dislike ten kinds of behavior and he (‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood) mentioned that from amongst them is displaying and beautification which is done in an improper place.
Jalaal-ud-Deen as-Suyuti (d.911H) (rahimahullaah) said that: “Tabarruj by displaying beautification is showing off to strangers and this is disliked.” This is the explanation of the meaning of ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood’s statement “improper place”, it is not the case if the beautification is done for the husband.
2. Tabarruj is a grave destructive sin
Umayymah, the daughter of Ruqayyah visited the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) to acknowledge the message of Islaam and to acknowledge that He (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) was and is the Messenger of Allaah. The Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said to her:
“I give my acknowledgment that you must not set partners to worship besides Allaah, that you do not steal, commit fornication or adultery, that you do not kill your child, that you do not commit any falsehood before your hands and between your legs, that you do not wail and that you do not make tabarruj like that of jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic era).” 2.
It’s clear that the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) associated Tabarruj (display of beauty) with grave destructive sins.
3. Tabarruj brings the curse and expulsion from the Mercy of Allaah
The Messenger (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:“There shall be (in the later) part of my nation women who are dressed but are in fact naked. On their heads are humps like those of camels. Curse them for they are surely cursed.” 3
4. Tabarruj is an attribute of the people of hell
The Messenger (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said: “Of the people of Hell there are two types whom I have never seen: The one possessing whips like the tail of an ox and they flog people with them. The second one the women who would be naked in spite of their being dressed, who are seduced to wrong paths and seduce others with their hair high like humps. These women would not get into Paradise and they would not perceive its odour, although its fragrance can be perceived from such and such distance.” 4
5. Tabarruj is darkness on the Day of Resurrection
It is narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said: “The parable of a woman who moves with a slow sweeping motion trailing her beautified clothes performing not for her husband is like darkness of the Day of Judgement, she has or comes with no light.” 5 Shaykh al-Albaanee graded the hadeeth “weak”, Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi (d.543H) (rahimahullaah) said that although this hadeeth is weak: “…its meaning is correct because the enjoyment in disobedience is in fact torture and suffering. The meaning is that this type of woman will come on the Day of Resurrection black in darkness as if she physically originated from darkness. In contrast, what happens to be difficult and painful in performance of obedient acts is a true enjoyment because of the reward awaiting those who are obedient to Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him).” The odour of the mouth of a fasting person may not be a pleasant in this world, to Allaah however it is better than the odour of musk because the Muslim has obeyed Allaah and performed what is due upon him from fasting. Similarly, the woman wearing her Hijaab may be looked upon as “reactionist”, “old fashioned” or “a walking tent”, she however is the winner on the Day of Resurrection and those who mock her put themselves on a dangerous road and may be subjected to the wrath of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala).
6. Tabarruj is hypocrisy
The Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of your women is the affectionate, the fertile (in productivity), the propitious (favourable), the consultative if they fear Allaah. The most evil of your women are the Mutabar’rijat (those who do at-Tabarruj [display their beauty]), the Mutakhayelat (who strut/swagger), and they are the hypocrites. Those who enter Al-Jannah (the Paradise) are like the Cough Crow.” 6 The cough crow has a red beak and red legs and is rare, so the expression in the hadeeth “cough crow” indicates that the women who will enter Paradise will be few.
7. Tabarruj is disgraceful
The Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said: “Any woman who takes of her clothes in other than her husband’s home has broken the shield between her and Allaah.” 7 Imaam Abu Zakariya an-Nawawee (d.676H) (rahimahullaah) commenting on this hadeeth said:“The saying of the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him): ‘Any woman who takes of her clothes in other than her husband’s home’, means showing off her beauty to strangers by taking off her shield of clothes, she has broken the shield between her and Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala).” Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) stated:
“O Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover yourselves (screen your private parts, etc.) and as an adornment and the raiment of righteousness, that is better…” 8
So if a woman does not fear Allaah and uncovers her private parts then she is breaking the shield between her and Allaah, Most High, and because she uncovered and dishonoured herself and committed a grievance against her husband then Allaah will uncover her shield, she will be in a scandal.
8. Tabarruj is an unchaste and disgraceful sin
The woman is ‘awrah, a source of attraction, her body is not to be shown, to wear clothes that show off her body and its shape and features is disgraceful. Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) orders us to stay away from disgraceful sins:
“And when they commit a Faahisha (evil deed, going round the Ka’bah in naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they say: ‘We found our fathers doing it, and Allaah has commanded us of it.’ Say: ‘Nay, Allaah never commands of Faahisha. Do you say of Allaah what you know not?” 9
Rather, it is Shaytaan who orders such Faahisha, such disgraceful sins. Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) says:
“Shaytaan (Satan) threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit Fahshaa (evil deeds, illegal sexual intercourse, sins etc.); whereas Allaah promises you Forgiveness from Himself and Bounty, and Allaah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.” 10
The Mutabar’rijat (those who do at-Tabarruj [display their beauty]) create a sinful virus that spreads disgraceful sins amongst the Muslim society. Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) says:
“Verily, those who like that (the crime of) illegal sexual intercourse should be propagated among those who believe, they will have a painful torment in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allaah knows and you know not.” 11
Tabarruj is the leading course for the spread of zina (illegal sexual relations).
9. Tabarruj is a Satanic way
The story of Adam and his wife demonstrates how the enemy of Allaah (i.e. Shaytaan) was so keen to incite them to show their private parts in order to spread evil and disgraceful sins. It also shows that tabarruj of women is a primary goal for Shaytaan to achieve. Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) says as mentioned before:
“O Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover yourselves (screen your private parts, etc.) and as an adornment, and the raiment of righteousness, that is better.”
It is very clear that Satan is the one who established the call for Tabarruj and showing off and he is the leader of those leaders who call for the liberation of women. Shaytaan in the Imaam of everyone who obeys him and follows him in disobedience to Allaah, Most Merciful, especially those Mutabar’rijat (those who do at-Tabarruj [display their beauty]) who harm the Muslims and deceive their youth. The Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said:
“I have not left after me any chance of turmoil more harmful to men than the harm done to them because of women.” 12
Adam (‘alayhis-sallam) forgot, made a mistake, repented and asked for forgiveness from Allaah and Allaah accepted his repentance. The struggle between Adam’s offspring and Shaytaan continues, the Devil still whispers to drive us (men and women) to disobey Allaah and follow sins and there is no safeguard except in returning to Allaah in good faith and repentance, remembering Allaah and asking Him for His help to overcome lusts and desires.
10. Tabarruj is the way of the Jews
The Jews have an important role in the destruction of nations through fitnah, the seduction and temptation of women. The spread of Tabarruj is an effective weapon of their wide spread establishments. One just has to look around to see Hollywood and famous houses of fashion, advertising, x-rated movies and clothes are all wide spread. In fact, the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Watch out for this worldly life (safeguard yourself from its temptation) and guard yourself from the allurement of women. Verily, the first trial for the people of Israel was caused by women.” 13
Their (the Jews) books also testify to this fact. In the third chapter of Isaiah it is quoted that:
“Moreover, the LORD said: ‘Because the daughters of Zion are proud and walk with heads held high and seductive eyes, and go along with mincing steps, and tinkle the bangles on their feet. Therefore the Lord will afflict the scalp of the daughters of Zion with scabs, and the LORD will make their foreheads bare’.” 14
“In that day the Lord will take away the beauty of their anklets, headbands, crescent ornaments, dangling earrings, bracelets, veils, headdresses, ankle chains, sashes, perfume boxes, amulets, finger rings, nose rings, festal robes, outer tunics, cloaks, money purses, hand mirrors, undergarments, turbans and veils.” 15
Although the Prophet (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) warned against mimicking the non-believers and their ways, many Muslims don’t abide by this warning. This is a testimony for the Prophet (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) who said:
“You will tread the same path as was trodden by those before you, inch by inch and step by step, so that if they enter the hole of the lizard you will follow them into it also.” His companions asked him: “Do you mean the Jews and the Christians.” He (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied: “Who else?!” 16
The similarity of those women who disobey Allaah and His Messenger (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) to the Jews is very evident because their response to Allaah’s command was and is similar to that of the Jews:
“We have heard and disobeyed.” 17
This is unlike the response of the believing woman who would respond (to the commands of Allaah) saying:
“We hear and we obey.” 18
They remember the saying of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala):
“And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad) after the right path has been shown clearly to him and follows other than the believers’ way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination.” 19
11. Tabarruj is a bad Jahiliyyah (ignorance)
Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) says:
“And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance.” 20
The Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) described the times of ignorance as wicked and ordered us to reject them. Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) described the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) in that:
“…he allows them as lawful at-Taiyibaat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful al-Khabaa’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.).” 21
The call to bring about the times of jahiliyyah is similar to the call for tabarruj, both of which are wicked ways which the Messenger (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) made unlawful. The Prophet (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:
“Verily, ever matter of jahiliyyah is under my hate.” 22
Tabarruj and all forms of jahiliyyah such as false pride and haughtiness, ill thoughts about Allaah, call for falsehood, setting up rivals with Allaah, ruling by the laws of other than Islam, usury, etc., are all inclusive.
12. Tabarruj is a door to wide-spread evil
Anyone who carefully examines the Islamic texts, the Qur’aan and the authentic Sunnah and the lessons from history becomes convinced about the evils of Tabarruj and its harms, both in religious and worldly matters, especially when it is associated with the mixing of sexes. Some of its underlying consequences are:
- The corruption of the morality of men, especially the youth and those in adolescence, it pushes them to commit various kinds of sin such as drugs and looking to engage in sexual relationships. And we seek refuge in Allaah from this.
- The destruction of family ties and the causing of a lack of trust between family members and the threat of divorce.
- The commercial abuse of women in the world of advertising, entertainment and other areas.
- Doing harm to women by declaring their ill intentions and evil conscience thus rendering her venerable to harm by the wicked.
- The spread of diseases. The Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said: “Sin did not spread in any particular nation until they openly conducted (their sins) and as a result plague and other illnesses that were not present amongst their predecessors because present amongst them.”
- The facilitation of the sin of zina and fornication of the eye. The Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said: “The adultery of the eye is the lustful look.” 23
- Tabarruj makes it difficult to lower the gaze.
- It justifiably brings down the Punishment of Allaah and His Punishment is severe. Allaah says:
“And when We decide to destroy a town (population), We (first) send a definite order (to obey Allaah and be righteous) to those among them [or We (first) increase in number those of its population] who are given the good things of this life. Then, they transgress therein, and thus the word (of torment) is justified against it (them). Then We destroy it with complete destruction.” 24
The Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said:
“When people see wrong or evil and they don’t change it then it is eminent that the Punishment of Allaah will fall upon them.” 25
(Aboo Uthmaan) transcribed this text from a lecture entitled “Tabarruj” by Dr. Saleh as-Saleh
May Allaah protect the women of this Ummah from displaying their beauty and guide them to the correct Hijaab, Aameen
- Reported by al-Bukhaaree ↩
- Reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad, Shaykh Ahmad Shakir graded the chain of the hadeeth as “good” and stated that Imaam ibn Kathir mentioned this hadeeth in his tafsir saying that the chain of this narration is “good” ↩
- Reported by at-Tabaaranee, Shaykh al-Albaanee graded this hadeeth “Saheeh”. ↩
- Reported by Muslim ↩
- Reported by at-Tirmidhee in his Sunan ↩
- Reported by al-Bayhaqi in his Sunan ↩
- Reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbal & al-Haakim who said it is “Saheeh” according to the conditions of al-Bukhaaree and Muslim and adh-Dhahabee agreed ↩
- Al-A’raf 7:26 ↩
- Al-A’raf 7:28 ↩
- Al-Baqarah 2:268 ↩
- An-Nur 24:19 ↩
- Reported by al-Bukhaari ↩
- Reported in Sahih Muslim ↩
- Isaiah, Chapter 3, V.16-17 ↩
- Isaiah, Chapter 3, V.18-23 ↩
- Reported in Muslim ↩
- Al-Baqarah 2:93 ↩
- Al-Baqarah 2:85 ↩
- An-Nisa 4:115 ↩
- Al-Ahzab 33:33 ↩
- Al-A’raf 7:157 ↩
- Reported by Aboo Daawood, at-Tirmidhee, Ahmad and other ↩
- Muslim ↩
- Al-Isra 17:16 ↩
- Reported by Aboo Daawood and others ↩