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His Mercy and His Plan

bintfulaan November 27, 2010 13

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

All Praise is due to Allaah, Lord of mankind and jinn, and may the peace and blessing of Allaah be upon Muhammad, His slave and Final Messenger.

Despair of Allaah’s Mercy and the Feeling of Security from the Plan of Allaah.

Allaah, Exalted be He, says:

“Did they feel secure against the Plan of Allaah. No-one can feel secure from the Plan of Allaah, except those [doomed as] losers.”

[al-A’raf 7:99]

Ibn Mas’ud (may Allaah be pleased with him) said:

“The greatest of the major sins is associating other objects with the worship of Allaah, feeling secure against the Plan of Allaah, despair of Allaah’s Mercy and despair of Allaah’s soothing mercy.”

[Abdul Razzaq]

Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allaah be pleased with him) was asked:

“What are the major sins?” and he answered, “Associating partners in the worship of Allaah, feeling secure against Allaah’s Plan and the despair of Allaah’s soothing mercy.”

[Ibn Abu Hatim]

On the face of it, a person may question “well, how can that be a major sin?”, but when you look beyond the surface, you see that an individual who despairs of Allaah’s Mercy or feels secure from His Plan is ultimately denying certain attributes that Allaah has described Himself with.

A believer must know His Lord, and therefore know that He is ar-Rahmaan (the Most Merciful) and ar-Raheem (the One who Bestows Mercy). After knowing this, how can you then despair of His Mercy?

As for the other extreme, the very thought of feeling secure from the Plan of Allaah sends chills down a spine. Does a person feel he is free to wander the earth and do as he wishes? Does he feel that he is in full control of his life? Does he feel that he can delay his death until he is “ready”? The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried!

Sources:

‘The Book of Major Sins’ by Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab

13 Comments »

  1. - November 28, 2010 at 6:10 pm Reply Tweet

    bismillahir rahmaanir raheem

    jazaakillahu khairan for this. can i ask, is despair in all it's forms a major sin? i.e if a person is struck by a great calamity and patiently strives, enduring much hardship in the hope of allah's mercy, but then his faith wavers; is this to say he is committing a major sin by feeling hopeless or reaching a state of despair?

    just that i don't see how all types of hopelessness/despair can be regarded as rejecting allah's attributes of mercy, for if this was the case, then surely the slave wouldn't even attempt to strive or make du'aa or try to endure the hardship with patience, would he?

    sorry, i have a tendency to ask complicated questions =/

    sorry also, for seemingly becoming the bane of existence of this website. if my..this-ness is not welcome, please tell me insha'allah. i'll happily scoot!

    jazaakumullahu khairan

    salaamu'alaikum


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  2. Sister November 29, 2010 at 2:10 am Reply Tweet

    Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

    Wa'alaikum assalaam warahmatullaahi wabarakatuh

    I've only briefly skimmed the above post, but from what I gathered from the first few paragraphs is that despair mentioned here in a more extreme form… as it is mentioned in the same sentence as committing shirk…. I could be wrong, but more in a sense of rejecting Allaah's Mercy… because there is a difference between hoping for His mercy when we can not explicitly see or feel it (like when in a trial and you exercise patience but maybe your faith wavers a bit).. and despairing it and perhaps this is referring to rejecting it… Erm maybe I'm just confusing everyone and myself here.

    However, and I could be wrong, but maybe you are referring more to the normal feeling of despair… the one that maybe we all feel at some point or maybe just me..and it is this despair that turns us back to Allaah.

    Erm, once I gather my thoughts again, I'l be back inshaAllaah.

    Wa Barakillaahu Feeki

    wAllaahu a'lam


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  3. bintfulaan November 29, 2010 at 2:22 am Reply Tweet

    Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

    Firstly, we have to understand what despair means. It is to lose ALL hope. So when you despair of Allaah's Mercy, you completely lose all hope in His Mercy. Therefore with regards to your question, I wouldn't say that all hopelessness is a major sin, but maybe when a person reaches the state of despair. If a person suffers a calamity or a trial, and feels hopeless but bears his situation with patience, then clearly he has hope in Allaahs Mercy and therefore is not despaired.

    wAllaahu a'lam

    Im in no position to give you a proper and exact answer but that is just my interpretation of it and Allaah knows best.

    I pray that I am not held accountable for anything wrong that I may have said.

    wa barakAllaahu feeki


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  4. Abu Umayr November 29, 2010 at 4:47 am Reply Tweet

    Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem,

    Adding on to the points above and with the [legal] permission of the author InshaAllaah and help of Allaah, just wanted to add a few points InshaAllaah – I pray it benefits.

    Firstly let us understand despair in this context [major sin] and understand how it has been explained by the scholars.

    A person who despairs Allaah’s Mercy, His aid, His help, because he feels that he’ll never be forgiven and that Allaah will not respond to His du’a, due to the amount of sins he has committed or feeling of how insignificant he is, is a person who urgently needs to be injected with an injection of hope.

    This is not a good attitude to have for any individual; for this extreme is leading the person to do kufr; knowingly or unknowingly, this person feels that Allaah cannot forgive him, when Allaah Jalla wa ‘Ala in contradiction has attributed Himself with the most merciful of attributes; Al-‘Afuw [the One who Pardons], Al-Ghafur [the One who Forgives], At-Tawwab [the One who accepts Repentance], Ar-Rahman [the Most Merciful], Ar-Raheem [the One who bestows His Mercy].

    This despair in Allaah's mercy is leading the individual to accuse Allaah of not being Merciful, and the person denies these very attributes that He Jalla wa ‘Ala associated himself with.

    This is why Allaah mentions in the ayah [al-Hijr 15:56], that no-one despairs of Allaahs mercy except the misguided, and we seek refuge from that. Aameen.

    The approach a true believer should take is to expect the best from Allaah, to have good opinions and expectations of Allaah and then to be content and pleased with what He Jalla wa ‘Ala decrees.

    Ibn al Qayyim [Raheemahullaah] mentions:

    “The one who hopes in Allaah should always be optimistic, cautious, and hopeful in Allaah’s bounty, expecting the best from Him.”

    A person should always remember that he’ll find Allaah as he expects Him to be, as our Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] narrated in a Hadith Qudsi related by al-Buhkari and others, that Allaah said:

    “I am as My servant thinks I am”

    Or

    "I am as My servant expects Me to be".

    One explanation is that forgiveness and acceptance of repentance by Allaah is subject to His servant truly believing that He Jalla wa 'Ala is forgiving and merciful.

    Imaam an Nawawi [Raheemahullaah] mentions that the scholars say:

    “Expecting the best from Allaah is to expect that He will have Mercy on him and relieve him from any hardship.”

    Even when in calamity, let the servant remember that Allaah out of His mercy, has given him an opportunity in this world to be purified, like gold that needs to go through a burning furnace in order to be extracted from an ore filled with impurities,– imagine when he meets Allaah – then he does so in a clean, raised and purified state – Allaahuakbaar. But that is a whole topic in itself.

    To answer your last point, we welcome you to stay and use this site as you wish; we pray it is of benefit, both the site for you and you for the site.

    Wallaahu Ta'ala ‘Alam.


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  5. bintfulaan November 29, 2010 at 11:00 am Reply Tweet

    Aameen.

    JazaakAllaahu khayran.

    Hope the questioner has found their answer.


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  6. - November 29, 2010 at 4:19 pm Reply Tweet

    jazaakumullahu khairan!! yeaah i got the answer! masha'allah tabarak'allah!

    i pray it is of benefit to all of us, aameen. may allah have mercy on you all and grant you jannatul firdous, aameen!

    salaamu'alaikum!


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  7. bintfulaan November 30, 2010 at 12:33 am Reply Tweet

    Aameen thumma aameen


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  8. Aishah Foreman December 1, 2010 at 3:59 pm Reply Tweet

    SubhanaAllah. As salaamu alaikum. I thank and praise Allah ta ala for this great Ummah. Allah ta ala said, "Do you think you will not be tested." Difficulties will occur when you are one of the faithful. Why would Iblees bother the non-believers, he already has them following him. It's those that trust in Allah ta ala, follow Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) that he will assault, and he has asked Allah for permission (respite) and it was granted for a time. When I am in despair and going through difficulties, I fall down prostrated before ir Rahmaan ir Raheem and recite, Ash-Sharh

    In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

    Have We not caused thy bosom to dilate, (1) And eased thee of the burden (2) Which weighed down thy back; (3) And exalted thy fame? (4) But lo! with hardship goeth ease, (5) Lo! with hardship goeth ease; (6) So when thou art relieved, still toil (7) And strive to please thy Lord. (8)

    Al-Asr

    In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

    By the declining day, (1) Lo! man is a state of loss, (2) Save those who believe and do good works, and exhort one another to truth and exhort one another to endurance. (3)

    I try my hardest to practice sabr daily and is grateful to Allah ta ala that He ir Rahmaan ir Raheem, placed me on this wonderful path, some 15 years ago.

    It is also good to have a network of brothers and sisters to talk too when you are going through those difficult times and even when you receive mercy (reward).

    May Allah ta ala reward my brothers and sisters for the islamic education that I have received and will continue to look forward to receiving.

    Jazakallah khairan


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  9. bintfulaan December 2, 2010 at 11:16 pm Reply Tweet

    Aameen to your du'aa

    BarakAllaahu feeki


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  10. - December 7, 2010 at 12:17 pm Reply Tweet

    assalaam

    there's a post missing?


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  11. - December 8, 2010 at 1:16 am Reply Tweet

    assalaam

    there's still a post missing..


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  12. Abu Umayr December 8, 2010 at 8:00 pm Reply Tweet

    Wa'alaikumassalam

    The post has been put back up. We pray it is of benefit. Aameen.


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  13. - December 8, 2010 at 10:52 pm Reply Tweet

    assalaam

    there's no post missing.. [haha]. jazaak'allahu khairan. our apologies if the author had their reservations, but we felt it would be of benefit to the people. [and we should stop referring to ourself in plural form].

    jazaak'allahu khair, may allah [swt] accept the effort and reward the author abundantly, aameen.


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